田荟君,潘玉洁,刘佳,王明筠.2014年5月31日华东地区一次暖区飑线过程的多普勒天气雷达分析.气象科学,2018,(2):191-202 TIAN Huijun,PAN Yujie,LIU Jia,WANG Mingjun.Analysis on a squall line process in warm region of eastern China on May 31 2014 by Doppler radar.Journal of the Meteorological Sciences,2018,(2):191-202
2014年5月31日华东地区一次暖区飑线过程的多普勒天气雷达分析
Analysis on a squall line process in warm region of eastern China on May 31 2014 by Doppler radar
投稿时间:2017-03-07  修订日期:2017-11-05
DOI:10.3969/2017jms.0081
中文关键词:  飑线  多普勒雷达  成熟期垂直结构  冷池
英文关键词:Squall line  Doppler radar  Cross-section structure  Cold pool
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(41775909);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1502104;YBGJXM(2017)1A-0834120529);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2013CB430102)
作者单位E-mail
田荟君 南京信息工程大学 大气科学学院, 南京 210044
上海培谊信息科技有限公司, 上海 200335 
 
潘玉洁 南京信息工程大学 大气科学学院, 南京 210044 yujiepan@163.com 
刘佳 南京信息工程大学 大气科学学院, 南京 210044  
王明筠 南京大学 中尺度灾害性天气教育部重点实验室/大气科学学院, 南京 210023  
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中文摘要:
      本研究利用美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)的Global Forecasting System(GFS)再分析资料、气象信息综合分析处理系统(MICAPS)观测资料、自动站与逐小时融合降水资料和中国新一代多普勒天气雷达网的基数据(Level-Ⅱ),对2014年5月31日一次发生在合肥附近的暖区飑线过程进行了分析。天气分析显示,飑线发生在暖区,整个中高层以下呈现高湿状态,以及较弱的对流不稳定和弱风切变(0~3 km风切小于10 m·s-1)环境。雷达分析揭示,飑线呈弓状,具有明显的对流区、层云区和过渡带,线尾涡旋位于弓形回波北端。从后往前的气流自层云区后侧6 km以下进入系统,最大风速区在z=4 km处,强风速中心并未及地造成地面风灾。由于本次个案在暖区高湿环境下形成,地面冷池较弱,维持时间短;短时降水较强,最强超过40 mm·h-1
英文摘要:
      A case of squall line occurred in Anhui province on 31 May 2014 was analyzed by using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Global Forecasting System reanalysis data, MICAPS observation data, the Chinese CMORPH precipitation analysis data, and the network of Chinese next-generation weather radar data from China Meteorological Administration. The squall line occurred under warm and moist condition with slight instability and weak wind shear (less than 10 m·s-1 over 0-3 km) at low-levels. The radar echo displayed "bow" shape with convective, stratiform region and a transition zone. A bookend vortex was at north of the "bow". The rear-to-front inflow entered the system from the rear of the trailing stratiform zone below 6 km, and the maximum wind speed region located at 4 km. The strong wind center of the rear-to-front flow was not reached the surface, in the results of no surface damages. Because of the warm and moist condition below the middle level, the cold pool was weak, and led to short-lived squall line, but the squall line produced heavy rain greater than 40 mm h-1.
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